Textile dynamics to change in wake of COVID-19 crisis
Posted April 23, 2020
By Seshadri Ramkumar
LUBBOCK, Texas – Supply chain changes, interruptions and the need for innovation have become reality with the COVID-19 pandemic.
With about 3 billion people in lockdown globally, the world will face a “new normal.” Many governments are working hard to counter the pandemic. Non-medical countermeasures such as masks, PPEs, wipes have become lifesaving essentials.
A recent economic forecast by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) indicates that the global economy will squeeze by at 3 percent this year and the effect of this pandemic will wipe USD $9 trillion out of the global economy in two years.
This global phenomenon has exposed the vulnerability of nations that depend on a single country for consumer items, pharmaceuticals and other essentials. It has also exposed the weaknesses of the industrial sector that do not have long-term planning, rather focus on short-term efficiencies and profits.
While the world faces this “new normal,” it will entail manufacturing and other sectors to have a contingency plan and a mid- to long-term vision. This scenario is of importance for the textile sector that focuses on commodity and consumer items.
The textile sector needs to seriously focus on hygiene and healthcare-related products. Particularly, focusing on “functional textiles,” raw materials, machinery and processing aspects for advanced textiles will provide new opportunities. Currently, according to Morgan Stanley, China dominates the world in surgical masks with over 80 percent global share. This situation has put stress on the supply of such health-related products during the current pandemic, which will result in market shifts.
Dependence on a single country as a major supplier may not be highly efficient in future, which will provide opportunities for countries such as India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Russia and Indonesia to start diversifying into value-added textiles. Why is this important? Given that the Chinese economy has shrunk this quarter by 6.8 percent, high-gear activities by other countries will prove worthy shortly.
Serious gaps in the technologies and the availability of raw materials for advanced textiles must be identified. In the case of India, its research base in spunmelt technology and its converting sector must be enhanced. I have been articulating the need for developing the converting sector in India for more than a decade.
The need to bring a shift in the supply chain scenario is emphasized by Prof. Gajanan Bhat of the Department of Textiles, Merchandising and Interiors at the University of Georgia.
“At current situation, where the supply chain must shift back to the U.S., there is need for more mask production lines and meltblown nonwoven fabric production in the U.S.,” he said. “Whereas, it takes time to increase meltblown fabric production in the U.S. to meet increasing demand, mask production machinery can be installed much sooner, and current capacities in nonwoven production may have to be diverted for the short term to increase domestic production of meltblown nonwovens.”
Industry associations can play a vital role in kick-starting the innovation engine. Inventions may be hard to come by in a short time span, but innovations which involve the combination of ideas, technologies, raw materials, etc., to meet the requirements are relatively easy to put together. Small- and medium-scale enterprises (SMEs), which are the backbone of the economy these days, need to be supported with good research and development subsidies and support network. Many innovations have been happening in the SMEs such the Chennai-based WellGro United, which has successfully repurposed its nonwoven technology to develop filter substrates.
“Marketing support is critical to develop innovative products,” said Nambi Srinivasan, vice president of marketing for WellGro United.
Different raw materials such as cotton and blends could be explored to develop functional materials. This needs the development of a new growth map for the textile industry.
An innovation ecosystem needs to be strengthened, which needs coordination among industry associations, academia and government agencies. COVID-19 has heightened the necessity of enhancing innovation and maintaining buffer efficiencies.
Dr. Seshadri Ramkumar, Ph.D., CText., FTI (U.K.), FTA (honorary), is a professor at the Nonwovens & Advanced Materials Laboratory at Texas Tech.